Postgraduate Medical Education in Ghana
Since 1986, the University of Michigan’s Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology has been actively and increasingly involved in medical education in Ghana. In 1986, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (RCOG) came together under the auspices and support of the Carnegie Corporation of New York to reinvigorate and instate postgraduate medical education in Ghana. It was a time when postgraduate training for Ghanaian medical school graduates mostly occurred in the United States or Great Britain, with low rates of repatriation. It was also a time of particular attention to the burden of maternal mortality: it was realized that, despite advances in global child health, over 500, 000 women worldwide were dying from pregnancy-related causes each year.
In response, the World Health Organization launched the global Safe Motherhood Initiative with an emphasis on improvements in obstetrical care of women. The late Dr. Thomas E. Elkins (U-M) was one of several representatives of ACOG’s Planning Committee, which included Dr. Timothy Johnson (then at Johns Hopkins and now chair of Obstetrics and Gynecology at U-M) to partner with Ghanaian educational institutions to create sustainable and culturally appropriate models of capacity building to improve obstetrical care in Ghana. Since that early initiative, over 60 obstetrician/gynecologists have been trained in Ghana with 99 percent in-country retention rate. Graduates of the program are now faculty members, clinical providers, and leaders including the chair of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Departments at both the University of Ghana Medical School in Accra and Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Kumasi. The partnership between U-M and the medical schools of Ghana continues with yearly exchanges of medical students and senior residents, as well as research trips by undergraduate and graduate students through the Minority Health International Research Training Program (MHIRT), Global Reach, and the Global Intercultural Experience for Undergraduates (GIEU) programs.
History of the Ghana Postgraduate Training Program
Postgraduate training in obstetrics and gynecology in Ghana was established as a five-year program to meet the requirements of the Western African College of Surgeons. Faculty members from U-M and other universities in the United States initially traveled to Ghana and vice versa to share discussion of curriculum development and teaching techniques. Similarly to postgraduate training in the United States, the residents were given graduated experiences in clinical obstetrics and gynecology; however, their training was located in-country and specifically targeted to clinical demands in the region. In a novel and innovative response to the issues of maternal mortality at the community level, the program included a six-month rotation at a rural health facility. Chief residents were also given the opportunity to visit one of the affiliated universities in the United States, including U-M, Johns Hopkins, and Northwestern, for a three-month rotation during their last year. The rotation gave them a chance to prepare for oral examinations and allowed them some exposure to new technologies not available in Ghana. This exposure later in their training allowed for an informed interpretation of the medical reality. One graduate has been quoted as saying,
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Where will a 'Postgraduate Certificate in Education' allow you to teach (UK)?
I really know nothing about this, but Birmingham Conservatoire of Music that I want to go to has a 4 year course that I want to take. But, if I take a five year course, there is an integrated PGCE. All I want to know is, where will it allow me to teach? Secondary schools? Or will it allow me to teach in a college? If not, what qualification would I need to teach in a college?
Technically a PGCE will allow you to teach any age and any subject regardless of what you train in. However I'd guess that the integrated PGCE will enable you to be a secondary school music teacher. Primary PGCE's enable you to teach all subjects at Primary level. Secondary PGCE's you have to choose a specialist subject (usually the subject of your degree). Further Ed requires a PGCftE. Give the music department a buzz and get them to clarify exactly what PGCE it is.
For further ed take a look at the GTTR ( - it's UCAS but for PGCE's. A quick look shows that Birmingham City University …